As Bourdieu observed in his late work, states do not disappear under neoliberalism: rather, their repressive right wings are strengthened while their progressive, redistributive rights-based wings are weakened or eliminated. This is most notable in cities, where urban space has been re-made in line with the requirements of policing and surveillance to protect capital investment and affluent consumers.
UTOPIA OF ENDLESS EXPLOITATION
The essence of neoliberalism
What is neoliberalism? A programme for destroying collective structures which may impede the pure market logic.
BOURDIEU'S CRITICISM OF THE NEOLIBERAL PHILOSOPHY
OF DEVELOPMENT, THE MYTH OF MONDIALIZATION
AND THE NEW EUROPE 1
(An Appeal for the Renewal of Critical Sociology)
GÜNTER GRASS and PIERRE BOURDIEU
THE ‘PROGRESSIVE’ RESTORATION