Saturday, November 29, 2008

INSURGENT INDIA


clipped from: thenews.jang.com.pk

The Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) of the cabinet secretariat has failed; failed miserably. So have the
  • Intelligence Bureau (IB),
  • the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA),
  • the Joint Intelligence Committee,
  • the Directorate of Air Intelligence,
  • the Directorate of Navy Intelligence,
  • the Joint Cipher Bureau,
  • the Directorate of Signals Intelligence and the
  • Defence Image Processing and Analysis Centre.
All of India’s intelligence agencies have failed, and the most critical element in their collective failure is their overwhelming focus on Pakistan-based militant groups.

According to South Asia Terrorism Portal, “at least 231 of the India’s 608 districts are currently afflicted, at differing intensities, by various insurgent and terrorist movements.”

Over the past five decades, India has been up against three distinct types of militancy:
  • Left-wing extremist,
  • separatist and
  • religious.

Left-wing extremist groups that have engaged in terrorist activity include
  • People’s Guerrilla Army,
  • People’s War Group,
  • Maoist Communist Centre,
  • Communist Party of India-Maoist and
  • Communist Party of India Janashakti.
Separatist
  • In Assam, there are at least 35 known separatist groups.
  • In Manipur, there’s the People’s Liberation Army.
  • In Meghalava, there’s the People’s Liberation Front of Meghalava.
  • Nagaland has at least three known insurgent entities;
  • Punjab has 12,
  • Tripura has 30 and
  • Mizoram has 2.
  • Then there’s Arunachal Dragon Force in Arunachal Pradesh.

In 2006, a total of 2,765 Indians died in terrorism-related violence (that same year, 1,471 Pakistanis died in terrorism-related violence).

in 2006, Of the 2,765 Indians, who lost their lives,
  • 41 per cent were killed in Jammu and Kashmir,
  • 27 per cent of all victims died because of Left-wing extremism,
  • 23 per cent because of insurgencies and
  • 10 per cent from militant groups based on religion.

Who’s behind Mumbai attacks? Is it India’s left-wing extremists, separatists or India’s home-grown Jihadi militants?

Many a finger are pointing at India’s home-grown Jihadi militants but we may never find out for sure. The Mumbai attacks, however, is a wake-up call for the global intelligence community for them to rise up to the challenge and focus their collective energies in the right direction.

B Raman, one of India’s leading analysts, is of the opinion that a whole lot of India’s militancy is “self radicalisation, self motivation and self execution”.

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