In Israel, Avraham Burg, former speaker of the Knesset, recently warned that if Israel wishes to preserve what little democracy it still has, it must either
- withdraw to its pre-1967 boundaries or
- grant full citizenship to the approximately 3.5 million Palestinians in the occupied territories,
Meron Benvenisti, the former deputy mayor of Jerusalem, has pronounced the
- two-state approach "inapplicable" to the problem of Israel and Palestine and is
- calling for a single binational state based on Arab-Jewish equality.
In the United States the historian Tony Judt, declaring the Middle East peace process a dead letter in The New York Review of Books, says that the very idea of
- a Jewish state has become an "anachronism" in a multicultural world in which citizenship is increasingly separated from race, religion and ethnicity.
- "In today's 'clash of cultures' between open, pluralist democracies and belligerently intolerant, faith-driven ethno-states," he adds,
- '"Israel actually risks falling into the wrong camp."